K. Kitamura

Applied Studies in International Development & Aid I

Each student undertook their own project of participatory development during the semester, and presented the outcomes. Due to the limitations in time and resources available, those projects had to be narrowed down in scope, while assuming their longer-term goals. For example, one project aimed at increased recognition of fair-trade products among the members of this […]

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Applied Studies in International Development & Aid I

We have been learning both concepts and methods related with participatory development. The former includes the ‘ladder of citizen participation’ (Arnstein 1969), ‘asset-based community development’ (Kretzmann & McKnight 1993) and the Japanese ‘jimotogaku’ (Yoshimoto 2008). The latter includes a series of frameworks compiled as the ‘Project Cycle Management’ (PCM), as well as many other methods

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Theory of International Development & Aid 4

The course concluded with students’ final presentations, which provided the whole class with opportunities to learn the key points of their research papers. The topics of their studies include: fast or sustainable fashion, energy sources, forest destruction, endangered species, solid and plastic waste, pollution, food loss and fair trade. These presentations as well as the

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